Ethiopia produces some of the best quality coffee available and is held in high esteem with coffee lovers. Production makes up 70% of all its earnings on export, with around 15 million Ethiopians working in the coffee industry.
Exciting flavours come from Ethiopian coffee and often have bright citrus acidity and floral aromas. Ripe fruit flavours can be present like bergamot or blueberry. The wide range of flavours found can be attributed to the high elevation of the 3 main growing regions Sidamo, Yirgacheffe and Harrar. With altitudes between 1400-2200 metres the coffee grows slower and denser meaning complex sugars have more time to develop in higher concentrations. Ethiopian coffee has traditionally been dry processed, where the coffee seed is dried inside the fruit, though wet process is becoming more common.
Ethiopia grows only arabica coffee, of which there are thousands of varieties many still wild and unclassified. Forest Coffee is the term used for such beans that are sourced from the wild by locals. Plantation Coffee grown on estates is much rarer, with the vast majority harvested being Garden Coffee, which is grown on smallholder plots consisting of a few trees. Coffee grown and harvested like this, which are not from of a cooperative or estate must go through the Ethiopian Coffee Exchange. The ECX uses a system of scoring coffee on quality and cup profile so farmers receive a fair price and prompt payment. Coffee from these smallholders are then mixed together based on grade and process method, meaning the buyer can not trace the coffee back to a single farm or variety.
Find out how coffee is harvested and the hard work that the coffee farmers put into our lovely drink.
Read about what they do after the harvesting of coffee and the various processing methods.
Producing around 13 million bags (60KG) of coffee, Colombia is the third largest producer of coffee.
Not the largest producer with 0.5 million bags (60KG) but boy do they know how to grow coffee!
Guatemala produces around 3.5 million bags (60KG) each year and produces very high quality certified coffee.
The birthplace of coffee with wild coffees and a production of around 6.5 million bags (60KG).
The neighbour of Ethiopia yet with a very different flavour profile, Kenya produces under a million bags (60KG) of coffee each year.
Only about 0.25 million bags (60KG) are produced each year by Rwanda but we love Rwandan coffee.
With over 5 million bags (60KG) a year, India produces quite a bit of coffee and use the famous Monsooning processing method.
Over 6.5 million bags (60KG) are produced annually by Indonesia with some famous growing regions.